The resources which your cities extract from surrounding tiles are the source which powers your nation's economy. Here each of the three resources is described.

Food Points[edit | edit source]

Your population needs food to survive. Each citizen requires 2 food points per turn. Each Settler or population unit requires from its home city 1 food per turn in Anarchy, Despotism, Monarchy, Constitutional Monarchy, and Communism; 2 in Republic, Democracy, Theocracy, and Nationalism. Except for Grassland, all terrain tiles without a special resource yield less than 2 food points, they cannot feed the citizen working them unless they are irrigated.

Every city has a Grain Storage of stored food (not to be confused with the building called a Granary). Cities producing more food than they require accumulate the excess in their Grain Storage, while those producing less than they require deplete their Grain Storage. When food is needed but none remains, starvation kills Settlers and population units first, followed by citizens.

Excess food can increase the population: the city Grain Storage has a limited capacity, and when it reaches full the city grows by one citizen and the Grain Store starts again at empty. But since Grain Storage capacity increases with population, each growth in population is more costly than the last, making this mode of growth important only for small cities. Grain Store capacity is capped at a ceiling of 70.

There are three buildings which enhance food production and/or population growth:

B.granary.png Granary

cost:35 upkeep:1

B.harbour.png Harbor

cost:40 upkeep:1

Pyramids.png Pyramids

cost:160 upkeep:0

B.supermarket.png Supermarket

cost:80 upkeep:3

Production Points[edit | edit source]

Shield upkeep. A production point is called a Shield. Every city generates at least one Shield per turn. Shields are first used to pay upkeep for units supported by the city; most units costs one shield per turn. Under autocratic regimes, each city supports a few shields of unit upkeep for free. If city production drops too low, units that cannot be supported are disbanded.

Production targets. After paying upkeep, extra Shields are applied towards the unit, building, or wonder that is the city's currently selected production target. Just like food points accumulate in the city Grain Store and yield a citizen when it reaches full, shields accumulate into the production target until the cost of the target is reached. When completed, production targets appear in their city. Leftover shields are applied to the city's next production target.

Each nation chooses to build buildings, units, or wonders that their technology makes available. There are a few restrictions: 1) Each city can have only one of each building. 2) Some buildings require that others be built first. 3) Great Wonders can only be completed by one civilization per game. Be careful—the game gives you the freedom to produce units you cannot support and buildings whose upkeep you cannot afford, which will be disbanded immediately after completion. Note that Settlers and other population units not only take shields, but 1 citizen also. A city cannot build a Settler with its last citizen unless you enable this by adjusting its City Options, in which case the city will be abandoned and turn into a Settler.

Changing production targets. You can change the production target of any city, but you will lose half the accumulated shields when switching from a building, unit, or wonder to one of the other two types. If you change to the same type, you will not lose accumulated shields. If you change production the turn immediately after completing an item, you won't lose any of the production points that were left over from that turn.

Purchasing production targets. You can spend gold to force the completion of a production target early, by hitting the Buy button in the city dialogue. The cost formula for units is: Gold = 2P+P2/20, where P = remaining shields needed. The formula for buildings is Gold = 2P, while the formula for wonders is Gold = 4P. This means there is a different "exchange rate" between gold and shields for making production targets in the three different categories. Gold gets the best exchange rate at making buildings, and Shields get the best exchange rates at making units and wonders.

Costs are multiplied by two if production on an item hasn't started yet (that is, if there are zero accumulated shields.)

Coinage. Should you need gold instead of production points, you can direct cities to mint Coinage. Instead of producing a building or unit, the city will use its labor to convert its production points to mint gold coins. The base rate 1.50 gold per each shield targeted into Coinage. For non-communist governments, a Marketplace, Bank, or Stock Exchange will each add 0.25 to the exchange rate of shields-to-gold. A Stock Exchange needs the tech The Corporation before its coinage bonus takes effect.

Several buildings give bonus production, yielding more shield output. Each city can only use one of the four main Power Plants (that is, only one Coal Plant, Hydro Plant, Nuclear Plant, or Fusion Reactor). On the other hand, Solar Plants and Wind Plants can support and co-exist with any other power plants.

B.factory.png Factory

cost:140 upkeep:4

B.power plant.png Coal Plant

cost:120 upkeep:4

B.hydro plant.png Hydro Plant

cost:175 upkeep:3

B.offshore platform.png Offshore Platform

cost:120 upkeep:3

Nuclear plant.png Nuclear Plant

cost:120 upkeep:2
requires:Nuclear Power

Mfg plant.png Mfg. Plant

cost:220 upkeep:6
requires:Robotics plant.png Solar Plant

cost:150 upkeep:-3

The Fusion reactor.png Fusion Reactor

cost:700 upkeep:0
requires:Fusion Power

Wind farm.png Wind Plant

cost:60 upkeep:-3

The wonders King Richard's Crusade and Hoover Dam also affect production. (Courthouse, Eiffel Tower, Supreme Court, and Temple of Artemis may give a minimal +1 bonus on production.)

Work Lists[edit | edit source]

When a city completes a unit, it normally starts producing another of the same type, and after completing a building or wonder, chooses a different one to build. New cities start work upon the best available defensive unit. Often you will instruct the city to work on something else instead, but this wastes time and attention if you already know the next several items the city should produce. In this case you should access the work list for that city and specify several products in sequence. The city will produce them in the order specified.

Trade Points[edit | edit source]

Trade reflects overall wealth generated in each city. Some trade points may be lost to corruption, which varies among forms of government and increases with distance from your capital city. Each city divides its remaining trade points into three items: Gold, Luxury, and Science. The amount given to each is controlled by the Tax Rates you select for each. Obviously, gold gives money for spending, and science helps research new technology. Luxury controls citizen happiness, which can avoid disorder and unlock unique bonus effects for each different form of government.

You may alter your tax rates on any turn, in multiples of ten percent. Most forms of government have limits to the maximum rates that you can set..

Buildings and Wonders affect trade directly, or indirectly by affecting corruption:

Palace.pngEcclesiastical palace.png Palace

Ecclesiastical Palace


B.supreme court.png

cost:45 upkeep:1
requires:Code of Laws

Supreme Court

cost:200 upkeep:0

B.colossus.png Colossus

cost:100 upkeep:0
requires:Bronze Working

Super highways.png Super Highways

cost:120 upkeep:3

Appian way.png Appian Way

cost:100 upkeep:0
requires:The Wheel

Marco polos embassy2.png Marco Polo's Embassy

cost:400 upkeep:0

B.darwins voyage.png Voyage of Darwin

cost:200 upkeep:0

Olympics.png The Olympics

cost:100 upkeep:0

Notes: Ecclesiastical Palace functions exactly as a Palace. Voyage of Darwin functions identically to Colossus. The Supreme Court functions as a Courthouse in every city in your nation. Marco Polo's Embassy increases Trade by +40% in every city in your nation.

Trade Routes[edit | edit source]

Trade Routes have become more powerful and important. In MP2C, a trade route provides a significant boost to a city's trade.

Besides gaining trade from city tiles, you can increase trade by establishing Trade Routes between cities. This is done by creating a Commerce Unit and sending it to a foreign city at least 20 tiles distant, to establish the trade route. Examples of commerce units are Trireme, Goods, Caravan, Galley, Freight, Cargo Ship.

One-time revenue. The nation who sent the unit immediately gets one-time gold revenue upon establishing the route. Transportation techs (Railroad and Flight) decrease the premium for goods delivery, reducing one-time revenue by approximately ¼. However, cities are usually larger with more trade at this point, so still receive a healthy one-time bonus. Early capital trade bonus: Before Banking is discovered, a Trade Route established between two capitals receives a large bonus to one-time revenue, approximately 4x. This represents the importance of having at least some trade, for small developing economies of the ancient world.

Ongoing revenue. A Trade Route produces ongoing revenue for both cities, every turn. Ongoing revenue from a Trade Route benefits the origin and destination cities equally. Both cities will get trade revenue each turn. In MP2 rules, ongoing revenue depends on—and only on—the sum total trade of both cities.

City tile bonus. A city with a Trade Route also gets a permanent +1 trade bonus to its city center tile. This is base trade before other multipliers from Marketplaces, Wonders, etc., so can accumulate a significant long-term bonus to the city.

Inactive Trade Routes. Trade Routes produce no revenue if you are at war with the other nation, but re-activate when relations improve. This allows you to immediately establish a Trade Route instead of being stuck outside a city, vulnerable to capture, then later agree to ceasefire or diplomatic relations.

Maximum number of Trade Routes. Each city may have one Trade Route with a foreign city. This creates natural scarcity: there are only as many routes as there are cities to fill them. If you attempt to establish more routes, the first Trade Route will be replaced if its revenue is less than the new route. This means high trade cities can aggressively "muscle" their way into foreign cities by replacing the lesser Routes of other nations.

Eco-diplomacy. Trade Routes can be a political tool. You can offer them to a foreign nation, knowing that they will lose income if they go to war with you.

Importance of Trade Routes. In MP2C, extra trade income makes a significant return on investment (ROI), competitive with other top tier investments like Marketplaces and top-tier Wonders. Increased trade may be just enough to help a low trade city celebrate, keep the national luxury rate lower, or to gain diplomatic favor from another nation.

Other Bonuses - A one-time 4× gold bonus is awarded for new trade routes between two capitals, if done prior to any nation discovering Banking. Colossus increases trade revenue to its home city. Appian Way gives a micro-bonus for all cities in the nation.

To view the current Trade Route info in a city, click the Routes button inside the City screen.

Enter Marketplace[edit | edit source]

Commerce Units also have the ability to enter a non-hostile foreign city's Marketplace building (if it has one). If both cities are high population and high in Trade, it's hypothetically possible for this to be profitable. In peaceful situations where every conceivable economic improvement is already finished, this provides an investment option that never expires. Income from this action goes only to the nation who sent the commerce unit.

Previous: Cities Chapter Next: Units
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.